According to "Fair Use," an article may be put on Course Reserve for one semester without obtaining copyright permission. For the same instructor to put the same article on Course Reserve for the same course in a subsequent semester, copyright clearance must be obtained.
In cases for which copyright clearance is necessary, you must request permission from the Copyright Clearance Center or the individual copyright holder. You must also pay any applicable copyright fees.
Ways to Apply for Copyright Permission:
1) Go to the Copyright Clearance Center direct link.
2) Copyright permissions can also be obtained through the Blackboard link to the Copyright Clearance Center. Find out about CCC's Copyright Permissions Building Block, which will help you obtain copyright permission for items you post to your Blackboard courses. Read Inside Higher Education's commentary on this service.
3) Apply directly to a work's publisher. Include the following information in your request: Title; Author; (Volume, Issue/Number), Date of copyright; ISBN/ISSN; Number of pages; Your name; Means by which you intend to reproduce said work; How material will be used; Number of copies you intend to make; Name of your academic institution; Name of course and course number; Semester and year.
Other Links for Copyright Information:
- U.S. Copyright Office. "How to Investigate the Copyright Status of a Work."
The U.S. Copyright Office site also includes information on "Orphan Works" and how to track down elusive copyright holders if you want to obtain copyright permission from them.
- © Primer from the Center for Intellectual Property at University of Maryland University College.
The © Primer is an introduction to issues concerning copyright ownership and use of information. The interactive tutorial overviews the underlying principles behind copyright in the United States, outlines the requirements for copyright protection as well as discusses the parameters of use and access of copyrighted material.
- Baruch College. "Interactive Guide to Using Copyrighted Media in Your Courses"
A handy guide tailored to faculty. Required download: Macromedia Flash Player 7 or higher.
- NOLO. "When Copying is Okay: the 'Fair Use' Rule"
Includes examples of copyright conundrums.
- Cornell University Law School. Legal Information Institute. US Code Collection.
"Limitations on Exclusive Rights: Fair Use."
A succinct explanation of Fair Use.