My primary research focus has been major policy issues in intercollegiate athletics. I have examined the NCAA’s success in attaining its stated mission from a management perspective, looked at various models of commercial college sport and their impact on research in this area, and took a critical look at the use and manipulation of measures of academic success among big-time college athletes. I have also worked with experts in this area to write congressional legislation called the College Athlete’s Protection Act. My research and direct involvement in writing legislation have put me on the cutting edge of knowledge about restructuring the NCAA. This knowledge has been invaluable in the classroom. Before riveting in on college sports, I was finishing some research on sport marketing and spectator motives. My articles in major media outlets have allowed me to influence public discourse in debates about restructuring collegiate athletics for the 21st Century.
PhD, Pennsylvania State University, 1974.
MA, Pennsylvania State University, 1970.
BA, Notre Dame University, 1967.
Published Intellectual Contributions
Sack, A. L. (2008). Counterfeit Amateurs: An Athlete's Journey Through the Sixties to the Age of Academic Capitalism. Penn State Press.
Sack, A. L. (2009). Can Obama Fix College Sport? Business Journal.
Sack, A. L. (2009). Why Worry About Who's No. 1 When Education is No. 2? Street & Smith's SportsBusiness Journal.
Sack, A. L. (2008). Taking to the Streets in the Final Four. Journal is not in list - being petitioned.
Sack, A. L. (2007). Dropping the Ball: Tax-Exempt NCAA Under Fire as Colleges Perform End Run Around Academic Rules. Journal is not in list - being petitioned.
Sack, A. L. (2012). Making Peace with the NCAA. Review of Business.
Sack, A. L. (2011). Ralph Nader and 'Pay for Play'. Inside Higher Education.
Sack, A. L. (2009). Putting the Amateur Myth to Rest. Inside Higher Education.
Sack, A. L. (2009). March Money Madness. Journal of Sport Management. http://roomfordebate.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/03/18/march-money-madness/?_php=true&_type=blogs&_r=0
Sack, A. L. (2008). Balancing Grades and the Gridiron. Los Angeles Times Op Ed.
Staurowsky, E., Sack, A. L. (2005). Reconsidering the Use of the Term ‘Student Athlete’: Should Scholars Abandon It? (vol. 2). Journal of Sport Management.
Sack, A. L. (2005). The Amateur vs. Professional Debate in Collegiate Athletics. Great Barrington, Massachusetts: Encyclopedia of World Sport/Berkshire Publishing.
Singh, P., Sack, A. L., Dick, R. (2003). Free Agency and Pay Discrimination in Major League Baseball (3rd ed., vol. 20). Sociology of Sport Journal.
Dick, R., Sack, A. L. (2002). NBA Marketing Directors Perceptions of Effective Marketing Strategies: A longitudinal Study. International Sports Journal.
Sack, A. L., Fried, G. (2001). Pitching Women’s Tennis to Corporate Sponsors: A Case study of Pilot Pen Tennis (2nd ed., vol. 10). Sport Marketing Quarterly.
Sack, A. L., Suster, J. (2000). Soccer and Croatian Nationalism: A Prelude to War. Journal of Sport and Social Issues.
Sack, A. L. (1999). A Rejoinder to Timothy Davis, Collegiate Sport in the Next Millennium. Marquette Sports Law Journal.
Johnson, A., Sack, A. L. (1996). Assessing the Value of Sports Facilities: The Importance of Noneconomic Factors (4th ed., vol. 10). Economic Development Ouarterly.
Sack, A. L., Johnson, A. (1996). Politics, Economic Development, and the Volvo International Tennis Tournament. Journal of Sport Management.
Sack, A. L. (1995). An Assessment of Restructuring Efforts Within the NCAA. Journal of College and University Law,.
Sack, A. L. (1993). Getting Out From Under the Table. Sport Sociology Contemporary Themes, Andrew Yiannakis et. al. (Eds.). Dubuque, Iowa: Kendal Hunt.
Sack, A. L. (1993). The Underground Economy of College Football. Dubuque, Iowa: Sport Sociology: Contemporary Themes, Kendal Hunt.
Sack, A. L. (1991). Contributions of Sport Sociology to Sport Management. Champaign, Illinois: Applied Sociology of Sport, Human Kinetics Publishers, Inc..
Sack, A. L. (1989). Are Improper Benefits Really Improper? A study of College Athletes’ Views Concerning Amateurism (1st ed., vol. 12). New York, NY: Journal of Sport and Social Issues, ACE/Macmillan.
Sack, A. L. (1988). College Sport and the Student-Athlete (1st ed., vol. 11). The Journal of Sport and Social Issues.
Sack, A. L. (1986). Jan Kemp Wins One for Academic Integrity (1st ed., vol. 10). Journal of Sport and Social Issues.
Sack, A. L., Thiel, R. (1985). College Basketball and Role Conflict: A National Survey (3rd ed., vol. 2). Sociology of Sport Journal.
Sack, A. L., Kidd, B. (1985). The Amateur Athlete as Employee. Totowa, New Jersey: Government and Sport: Public Policy Issues, Rowman and Allanheld.
Sack, A. L. (1985). The Amateur Myth: The Rights and Responsibilities of College Athletes. Lewisburg, Pennsylvania: American Sport Culture: The Humanistic Dimension, Bucknell University Press.
Sack, A. L., Watkins, C. (1985). Winning and Giving. Champaign, Illinois: Sport and Higher Education. Human Kinetics Publishers, Inc..
Sack, A. L. (1984). Proposition 48: Masterpiece in Public Relations (1st ed., vol. 8). Journal of Sport and Social Issues.
Sack, A. L. (1983). Cui Bono? Contradictions in College Sports and Athletes’ Rights. New York, New York: The Governance of Intercollegiate Athletics, Leisure Press.
Sack, A. L., Thiel, R. (1980). College Football and Social Mobility (vol. Third Edition). Reading, Massachusetts: Sport in American Society, Adison Wesley.
Sack, A. L. (1979). Big-time College Football: Whose Free Ride?. Dubuque, Iowa: Sport Sociology: Contemporary Themes, Kendel Hunt Publishing Company.
Sack, A. L. (1977). Sport: Work or Play. New York, New York: Studies in the Anthropology of Play: Essays in Memory of Allen Tindal, Leisure Press.
Sack, A. L., David, L., Westby, L. (1976). The Commercialization and FunctionalRationalization of College Football. Journal of Higher Education.
Sack, A. L. (1973). Yale 29 - Harvard 4: The Professionalization of College Football. Quest.
Sack, A. L. (2014). It is Their Legal Right to Unionize?. NY Times.
Sack, A. L. (2013). Real Scholarships Need to Make a Comeback: Athletes Should be Paid with Multiyear Scholarships. U.S. News and World Report.
Sack, A. L. (2013). NCAA Deserves Criticism, but got it Right on Scholarships. Indianapolis Star Tribune.
Sack, A. L. (2012). After Penn State Scandal, Congress should make NCAA put Students, Education First. Christian Science Monitor.
Sack, A. L. (2012). Room for Debate: Cancel the Season.
Sack, A. L. (2011). Athletic Scholarship Rules Should be Clear.
Sack, A. L. (2010). Limit Hits During Football Practice. New York Times.com. http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2010/10/03/can-pro-football-be-made-safe/limit-hits-during-football-practice
Sack, A. L. (2008). NCAA's Graduation Rate Calculations Can Be Misleading.
Sack, A. L. (2008). Should College Athletes be Paid? .
Sack, A. L. (2008). A Crossroads for the Fighting Irish (and Their Peers).
Refereed Journal Articles
Sack, A. L., McComas, A., Cakan, E. (2014). The Revival of Multiyear Scholarships in the Twenty-First Century: Which Universities Supported and Opposed this Legislation and Why? Journal of Issues in Intercollegiate Athletics, 7, 207-223.
Sack, A. L., Park, E., Thiel, R. (2011). Watch the Gap: Explaining Gaps between FBS Football Players and the General Student Body. Journal of Issues in Intercollegiate Athletics, 4, 55-73.
Sack, A. L. (2011). How to Evaluate NCAA Success in Attaining its Stated Mission: Implications for Athletes' Rights and Social Justice. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport.
Sack, A. L. (2009). Clashing Models of College Sport Reform: Implications for Policy and Research. Journal of Sport Management.
Sack, A. L. (2009). Clashing Models of Commercial Sport in Higher Education: Implications for Reform and Scholarly Research. Journal of Issues in Intercollegiate Athletics, 2, 76-92.
Sack, A. L., Singh, P., DiPaulo, T. (2009). Spectator Motives for Attending Professional Tennis Events: Linking Marketing and Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory. International Journal of Sport Management and Marketing, 6(1).
Sack, A. L., Singh, P., Thiel, R. (2005). Occupational Segregation on the Playing Field: The Case of Major League Baseball. Journal of Sport Management, 19(3).
Sack, A. L., Nadim, A. (2002). Strategic Choices in a Turbulent Environment: A Case Study of Starter Corporation. Journal of Sport Management, 16(I).
Sack, A. L., Debating Compensation for College Athletes, "Should College Athletes be Paid?," Boston College College of Arts and Sciences Forum, Boston College Also on Youtube. (April 23, 2013).
Sack, A. L. (Author), McComas, A., College Sport Research Institute, "Miraculous rivival of Multiyear Scholarships.," CSRI, UNC Chapel Hill. (April 18, 2013).
Sack, A. L., College Sport Research Institute Conference, "'Pimpin Ain't Easy, but it is Necessary:' Oscillating Migrant Labor and One-Year Grant and Aids," College Sport Research Institute, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. (2011).
Sack, A. L., College Sport Research Institute Conference, "Weighing in on the Graduation Rate Debate," College Sport Research Institute, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. (April 2009).
Sack, A. L., "College Sport Reform in the New Millennium: The Drake Group 1999- Present," North American Society for Sport History, Lake Placid, New York. (May 2008).
Sack, A. L., College Sport Research Institute Conference, "The Athletic Revolution," College Sport Research Institute, Memphis, Tennessee. (April 2008).
Sack, A. L., "White Versus the NCAA: Antitrust Law and the NCAA's Cap on Athletic Scholarships," College Sport Research Institute Conference, Memphis, Tennessee. (April 2007).
Sack, A. L., "The IRS, Disclosure, and the Business of College Sport," Annual Conference of the Drake Group, Cleveland, Ohio. (March 2007).
Fried, G. B. (Presenter), Sack, A. L., Blann, F., 2000 NASSM Conference, "“Symposium, Integrating Corporate Sponsorship into the Classroom, Teaching Sports Facility Auditing, and Strategic Planning and Policy Development for Major League Lacrosse.”," Colorado Springs, CO. (2000).
Officer, President/Elect/Past, The Drake Group, New Haven, Connecticut.
National organization of faculty representing faculty from over 40 universities. The Drake Group is dedicated to defending academic integrity in higher education from the corrosive aspects of commercial collegiate athletics. The Drake Group has supported higher education legislation at both the state and national levels. The Drake Group honors a faculty or staff member every year who has showed courage in defending academic integrity. The award is named after Robert t Maynard Hutchin's, the former president of the University of Chicago who dedicated his life to defending academic values and academic freedom.
Special Projects or Assignments. (2011).
'Lucida Grande' Evaluating the NCAA in Light of its stated Mission: Implications for Athletes Rights; Keynote Address at the NCAA Scholarly Colloquium on College Sports, San Antonio, Texas, January 11.
Special Projects or Assignments. (2010).
'Lucida Grande' The Emergence of Academic Capitalism: Its Impact of Collegiate Sport, Keynote address at the College Sport Research Institute Conference, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, April 21.
Special Projects or Assignments. (2008).
'Lucida Grande’ The Struggle for Athletes & Rights; Plenary Panel, To Remember is to Resist: 40 Years of Sport and Social Change, 1968-2008, University of Toronto. May 20-22.
Time Magazine and more. Cited in Time Magazine, The Atlantic, CNN, Charlotte Observer, The Chronicle of Higher Education, Pittsburgh Post Gazette, Inside Higher Education, and many more (2013).
Chronicle of Higher Education. Op Ed How to Save the NCAA from Itself. accepted fro publication Dec. 16, 2013, appeared on January 6, 2014. Thought I would include this FYI (December 16, 2013).
U.S. News and World Report. Article on current efforts to openly pay college athletes (April 1, 2013).
Indianapolis Star. Op Ed NCAA Deserves criticism, but Got it Right on Scholarships (March 27, 2013).
University of New Haven
SMGT 1120, Development of American Sports, 3 courses.
SMGT 120, Development of American Sport, 2 courses.
SMGT 4450, Special Topics, 1 course.
SMGT 4598, Internship, 1 course.
SMGT 618, 1 course.
SMGT 6618, College Sports Administration, 1 course.